Geothermal Fumarole Subsurface Mt. Erebus, Antarctica

Última versión Publicado por SCAR - Microbial Antarctic Resource System en Oct 19, 2015 SCAR - Microbial Antarctic Resource System

The Tramway Ridge geothermal site on Mt. Erebus in Antarctica, is the most geographically isolated geothermal site on earth. This makes it an excellent system for studies of microbial speciation, biogeography, and evolution.

Registros

Los datos en este registros biológicos recurso han sido publicados como Archivo Darwin Core(DwC-A), el cual es un formato estándar para compartir datos de biodiversidad como un conjunto de una o más tablas de datos. La tabla de datos del core contiene 40 registros.

Este IPT archiva los datos, sirviendo así como repositorio de datos. Los datos y metadatos están disponibles para descargar en la sección de descargas. La tabla de versiones muestra otras versiones del recurso que se han hecho accesibles al público y permite el seguimiento de los cambios hechos al recurso en el tiempo.

Descargas

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Datos como un archivo DwC-A descargar 40 registros en Inglés (5 KB) - Frecuencia de actualización: desconocido
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Versiones

La siguiente tabla muestra sólo las versiones publicadas del recurso que son de acceso público.

¿Cómo referenciar?

Los usuarios deben citar este trabajo de la siguiente manera:

Herbold, CW; Lee, CK; McDonald, IR; Cary, SC; Evidence of global-scale aeolian dispersal and endemism in isolated geothermal microbial communities of Antarctica; Nature Comms (2014); 5

Registro GBIF

Este recurso ha sido registrado en GBIF con el siguiente UUID: d2744050-427f-4b3f-824d-e96b7bd26368.  SCAR - Microbial Antarctic Resource System publica este recurso, y está registrado en GBIF como un publicador de datos avalado por Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research.

Palabras Clave

Occurrence; Observation

Contactos

¿Quién creó el recurso?:

Craig Herbold
Group Leader
Division of Microbial Ecology (DoME), University of Vienna Althanstrasse 14 1090 Vienna AT
http://www.microbial-ecology.net/

¿Quién puede resolver dudas acerca del recurso?:

S. Craig Cary
Professor
University of Waikato Private Bag 3105 3105 Hamilton NZ
http://www.ictar.aq/ictar_leadership.cfm?staff_id=1&page_obj_id=246&obj_list=1

¿Quién documentó los metadatos?:

Craig Herbold
Group Leader
Division of Microbial Ecology (DoME), University of Vienna Althanstrasse 14 1090 Vienna AT
http://www.microbial-ecology.net/

Cobertura Geográfica

ASPA 130 - Tramway Ridge Specially Protected Area on the northwest summit of Mt. Erebus, Antarctica

Coordenadas límite Latitud Mínima Longitud Mínima [-77.519, 167.106], Latitud Máxima Longitud Máxima [-77.517, 167.114]

Cobertura Temporal

Fecha Inicial 2009-02-09

Datos del Proyecto

No hay descripción disponible

Título Life at the extreme: resolving the genetic basis of microbial endemism in the super-heated soils of Mt Erebus, Antarctica
Fuentes de Financiación Financial support was provided by grant UOW0802 from the New Zealand Marsden Fund to SCC and IRM and a CRE award from the National Geographic Society to SCC. Antarctic logistic support for Event K-023 was provided by Antarctica New Zealand.
Descripción del Área de Estudio The summit of Mt. Erebus features several high-elevation geothermal features that are separated from similar features at Mts. Melbourne and Rittman by 350-400 km. Warm fumarolic ground and ice towers on the flanks of Mt. Erebus passively emit steam and CO2 that are believed to have magmatic origins(Wardell et al., 2003). The lower end of Tramway Ridge, located approximately 1.5 km NW of the main crater of Erebus, at an elevation between 3350 and 3400 m, is an extensive warm fumarolic area protected by international treaty as a site of particular biological interest (ASPA 130 Management Plan). At Tramway Ridge, unique communities of photoautotrophic organisms (mosses and cyanobacterial mats) surround fumaroles that reach and maintain year round surface temperatures of 60-65°C, have a neutral to mildly alkaline pH, and are characterized by steep lateral pH and temperature gradients (Broady, 1984; Hudson et al., 1989; Soo et al., 2009).
Descripción del Diseño The current study aimed to fully characterize the distribution of microbial communities inhabiting the 60-65°C sites of the CO2-emitting fumaroles located at Tramway Ridge, and to identify the set of organisms specifically associated with the subsurface. To meet these objectives, a mixed amplicon /metagenomic pyrosequencing-based approach was employed. Correlated relative abundance, as calculated from 16S rRNA gene amplicon libraries was used to identify sets of organisms that occupy shared niches. A pooled shotgun-metagenomic dataset was then used to both verify the abundance of dominant organisms and reconstruct whole 16S rRNA genes, allowing more comprehensive phylogenetic analyses.

Personas asociadas al proyecto:

Investigador Principal
S. Craig Cary

Métodos de Muestreo

Sediment samples were collected within the Tramway Ridge Antarctic Specially Protected Area (ASPA 130) in February 2009 from two sites (site A: 77° 31.103' S, 167° 6.682' S and site B: 77° 31.106' S, 167° 6.668' E). All suggested sterilization protocols for entering into this protected site were adhered to, following the ASPA 130 Management Plan (http://www.scar.org/publications/bulletins/151/aspa130.html). Sites were chosen based on measuring a surface temperature of 65°C with a stainless steel Checktemp1 temperature probe (Hanna Instruments, Rhode Island, USA), sterilized with 70% ethanol immediately prior to each use. Surface "crust" was set aside prior to collecting samples. Samples were collected by aseptically removing the top 2 cm of sediment in an approximately 25cm2 area. Sediment was placed into a fresh 50 mL Falcon tube. Sampling continued with the collection of a second (2-4 cm depth) and third (4-8 cm depth) layer following the same procedures. Temperature measurements were repeated for each layer sampled. All samples were immediately frozen and maintained at -80°C in the laboratory until analysed.

Área de Estudio The study encompassed two locations in the permitted area of the Tramway Ridge ASPA 130. http://www.nature.com/ncomms/2014/140520/ncomms4875/fig_tab/ncomms4875_F1.html
Control de Calidad Sampling conditions resulted in a high probability of cross-contamination between sampling depths. We used standard quality filtering for our 454 datasets, including denoising and chimera removal with AmpliconNoise. Sequence abundances, as inferred from library abundance, were used to cluster individual OTUs into correlated clusters which defined whether a given sequence was likely of surface or subsurface origin. Shotgun metagenomics was utilized to extract full-length 16S rRNA sequences for high-resolution phylogenetic analysis.

Descripción de la metodología paso a paso:

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Datos de la Colección

Nombre de la Colección Geothermal fumarole subsurface microbial communities from Mt. Erebus, Antarctica
Identificador de la Colección http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/nuccore/KF923316,KF923317,KF923318,KF923319,KF923320,KF923321,KF923322,KF923323,KF923324,KF923325,KF923326,KF923327
Identificador de la Colección Parental Not Applicable
Métodos de preservación de los ejemplares Congelado

Metadatos Adicionales

Identificadores Alternativos d2744050-427f-4b3f-824d-e96b7bd26368
http://ipt.biodiversity.aq/resource.do?r=geothermal_fumarole_subsurface_mt_erebus_antarctica