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The First Comprehensive Description of the Biodiversity and Biogeography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Intertidal Communities

Latest version published by Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF) on Nov 18, 2015 Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF)

We created a database of 3,902 records of high southern latitude intertidal occurrences for 1,416 species/taxa, verified using the World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS Editorial Board 2015), from 229 locations (Figure 1). Records date back to 1897. The majority of data came from published manuscripts and additional digital records from Smithsonian Antarctic Invertebrates (http://invertebrates.si.edu/antiz/) and for South Africa, Natural Geography in Shore Areas (NaGISA) from the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF) (Rigby et al., 2005). A record was considered to be intertidal if it was found between the high tide mark down to a maximum of 3m depth (allowing for variable tidal range in Antarctica).

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 3,902 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

Downloads

Download the latest version of this resource data as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A) or the resource metadata as EML or RTF:

Data as a DwC-A file download 3,902 records in English (86 KB) - Update frequency: unknown
Metadata as an EML file download in English (10 KB)
Metadata as an RTF file download in English (10 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Griffiths & Waller (In Press) The First Comprehensive Description of the Biodiversity and Biogeography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Intertidal Communities. Journal of Biogeography

GBIF Registration

This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: 6bf0f3b3-053d-435d-ac96-1074625b937c.  Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research.

Keywords

Occurrence Molluscs Kelp Intertidal Beach Southern Ocean; VEGETATION COASTAL HABITAT SOUTHERN OCEAN ANTARCTICA

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Huw Griffiths
Marine Biogeographer
British Antarctic Survey CB3 0ET Cambridge Cambridgeshire GB

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Huw Griffiths
Marine Biogeographer
British Antarctic Survey CB3 0ET Cambridge Cambridgeshire GB

Who filled in the metadata:

Huw Griffiths
Marine Biogeographer
British Antarctic Survey CB3 0ET Cambridge Cambridgeshire GB

Who else was associated with the resource:

Author
Huw Griffiths
Marine Biogeographer
British Antarctic Survey CB3 0ET Cambridge Cambridgeshire GB
Author
Catherine Waller
Marine Biologist
Centre for Environmental and Marine Sciences, University of Hull Filey Road YO11 3AZ Scarborough GB

Geographic Coverage

Intertidal records from the Southern Ocean

Bounding Coordinates South West [-79.08, 97.19], North East [-39.21, 98.28]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Kingdom  Animalia,  Plantae

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1897-01-01 / 2014-01-01

Project Data

No Description available

Title The First Comprehensive Description of the Biodiversity and Biogeography of Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Intertidal Communities
Funding This work was funded by the Natural Environment Research Council through the British Antarctic Survey
Study Area Description In this study we examine all available whole community intertidal records from the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic (following the geographic definitions used by the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research Biogeographic Atlas). All islands south of the Polar Front are considered to be Antarctic (Bouvet Island, South Georgia, South Orkney Islands, South Sandwich Islands, South Shetland Islands) as described in Linse et al. (2006). All other islands within the influence of the Circumpolar Current are regarded as Sub-Antarctic (Figure 1).
Design Description The database was compiled from studies of the ecology or whole communities of localities and avoiding studies that only targeted single species or taxa. We compiled data for comparison from southern South America, the Falkland Islands, Tristan da Cunha, South Africa, Tasmania and southern New Zealand, although data from these comparison regions are not exhaustive.

The personnel involved in the project:

Author
Huw Griffiths

Sampling Methods

The database was compiled from studies of the ecology or whole communities of localities and avoiding studies that only targeted single species or taxa.

Study Extent In this study we examine all available whole community intertidal records from the Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic (following the geographic definitions used by the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research Biogeographic Atlas). All islands south of the Polar Front are considered to be Antarctic (Bouvet Island, South Georgia, South Orkney Islands, South Sandwich Islands, South Shetland Islands) as described in Linse et al. (2006). All other islands within the influence of the Circumpolar Current are regarded as Sub-Antarctic (Figure 1).

Method step description:

  1. The database was compiled from studies of the ecology or whole communities of localities and avoiding studies that only targeted single species or taxa.

Collection Data

Collection Name BAS_Intertidal
Collection Identifier BAS_Intertidal
Parent Collection Identifier Not Applicable
Specimen preservation methods No treatment

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers http://ipt.biodiversity.aq/resource.do?r=bas_intertidal