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Bacteria from Penguin Guano, Antarctica

Latest version published by Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF) on Jan 20, 2017 Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF)

The total number of bacteria and culturable bacteria in Ade´lie penguin (Pygoscelis adeliae) guano was determined during 42 days of decomposition in a location adjacent to the rookery in Admiralty Bay, King George Island, Antarctica. Of the culturable bacteria, 72 randomly selected colonies were described using 49 morpho-physiological tests, 27 of which were subsequently considered significant in characterizing and differentiating the isolates. On the basis of the nucleotide sequence of a fragment of the 16S rRNA gene in each of 72 pure isolates, three major phylogenetic groups were identified, namely the Moraxellaceae/Pseudomonadaceae (29 isolates), the Flavobacteriaceae (14), and the Micrococcaceae (29). Grouping of the isolates on the basis of morpho-physiological tests (whether 49 or 27 parameters) showed similar results to those based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. Clusters were characterized by considerable intra-cluster variation in both 16S rRNA gene sequences and morpho-physiological responses. High diversity in abundance and morphometry of total bacterial communities during penguin guano decomposition was supported by image analysis of epifluorescence micrographs. The results indicate that the bacterial community in penguin guano is not only one of the richest in Antarctica, but is extremely diverse, both phylogenetically and morpho-physiologically.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 70 records.

This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.

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Data as a DwC-A file download 70 records in English (4 KB) - Update frequency: as needed
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Metadata as an RTF file download in English (7 KB)

Versions

The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.

How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Bacterial diversity in Adélie penguin, Pygoscelis adeliae, guano: molecular and morpho-physiological approaches, Marek K. Zdanowski Piotr Weglenski Pawel Golik Joanna M. Sasin Piotr Borsuk Magdalena J. Zmuda Anna Stankovic, (2006) FEMS Microbiol Ecol 50 (3): 163-173. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.femsec.2004.06.012

Rights

Researchers should respect the following rights statement:

The publisher and rights holder of this work is Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

GBIF Registration

This resource has not been registered with GBIF

Keywords

Occurrence; EARTH SCIENCE; BIOLOGICAL CLASSIFICATION; BACTERIA/ARCHAEA; CONTINENT; ANTARCTICA

Contacts

Who created the resource:

Anton Van de Putte
OD Nature, Royal Belgian Institute for Natural Sciences vautierstraat 29 B-1000 Brussels BE
http://www.biodiversity.aq

Who can answer questions about the resource:

Rachel Grant
British Antarctic Survey High Cross CB3 0ET Cambridge GB
http://www.antarctica.ac.uk/

Who filled in the metadata:

Anton Van de Putte
Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF) High Cross CB3 0ET Cambridge BE
http://data.biodiversity.aq

Who else was associated with the resource:

User
Data Manager ANtarctic Biodiversity Portal

Geographic Coverage

Admiralty Bay, King George Island

Bounding Coordinates South West [-63, -59], North East [-62, -58]

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 0035-05-22 / 0014-06-23

Additional Metadata

Alternative Identifiers http://ipt.biodiversity.aq/resource?r=test_yi-ming_2017