元數據

Antarctic Peninsula Bacterioplankton 16S rRNA gene surveys and metagenomes from Winter 2002 and Summer 2006.

最新版本 由 SCAR - Microbial Antarctic Resource System 發佈於 2019年3月19日 SCAR - Microbial Antarctic Resource System
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2019年3月19日
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CC-BY 4.0

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說明

Antarctic surface oceans are well-studied during summer when irradiance levels are high, sea ice is melting and primary productivity is at a maximum. Coincident with this timing, the bacterioplankton respond with significant increases in secondary productivity. Little is known about bacterioplankton in winter when darkness and sea-ice cover inhibit photoautotrophic primary production. We report here an environmental genomic and small subunit ribosomal RNA (SSU rRNA) analysis of winter and summer Antarctic Peninsula coastal seawater bacterioplankton. Intense inter-seasonal differences were reflected through shifts in community composition and functional capacities encoded in winter and summer environmental genomes with significantly higher phylogenetic and functional diversity in winter. In general, inferred metabolisms of summer bacterioplankton were characterized by chemoheterotrophy, photoheterotrophy and aerobic anoxygenic photosynthesis while the winter community included the capacity for bacterial and archaeal chemolithoautotrophy. Chemolithoautotrophic pathways were dominant in winter and were similar to those recently reported in global‘dark ocean’ mesopelagic waters. If chemolithoautotrophy is widespread in the Southern Ocean in winter, this process may be a previously unaccounted carbon sink and may help account for the unexplained anomalies in surface inorganic nitrogen content.

版本

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如何引用

研究者應依照以下指示引用此資源。:

Murray, AE and JJ Grzymski. 2007. Diversity and genomics of Antarctic marine microorganisms. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. Ser. B. 362:2259-2271.

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此資料的發布者及權利單位為 SCAR - Microbial Antarctic Resource System。 This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 License.

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關鍵字

Bacterioplankton; Antarctic Peninsula; 16S rRNA; metagenome; marine; archaea; bacteria; summer; winter; Other

聯絡資訊

資源建立者:
-

Alison Murray
Associate Research Professor
DRI
2215 Raggio Parkway
89512 Reno
NV
US
775 673 7361
http://www.dri.edu/alison-murray

可回覆此資源相關問題者:

Alison Murray
Associate Research Professor
DRI
2215 Raggio Parkway
89512 Reno
NV
US
775 673 7361
http://www.dri.edu/alison-murray

元數據填寫者:
-

Alison Murray
Associate Research Professor
DRI
2215 Raggio Parkway
89512 Reno
NV
US
775 673 7361
http://www.dri.edu/alison-murray

與此資源的相關者:

Alison Murray
研究主持人
Associate Research Professor
DRI
2215 Raggio Parkway
89512 Reno
NV
US
775 673 7361
http://www.dri.edu/alison-murray
Joseph Grzymski
研究主持人
Assistant Research Professor
DRI
2215 Raggio Parkway
89512 Reno
NV
US
775 673 7478
http://www.dri.edu/joe-grzymski

地理涵蓋範圍

Samples were collected in the nearshore region of Anvers Island, near Palmer Station.

界定座標範圍 緯度南界 經度西界 [-64.78, -64.07], 緯度北界 經度東界 [-64.77, -64.05]

分類群涵蓋範圍

Plankton surveys of community structure were conducted of those organisms passing through a 1.6 micron glass fiber filter.

Domain Archaea, Bacteria

時間涵蓋範圍

起始日期 2002-08-20
起始日期 2006-02-28
起始日期 2002-01-17
起始日期 2002-07-17

計畫資料

無相關描述

計畫名稱 IPY Antarctic Peninsula Bacterioplankton
經費來源 NSF ANT 0632278 supported the researchers and Antarctic expeditions and DOE JGI Community Sequencing Program supported the metagenome and Sanger sequencing of 16S rRNA gene libraries; Pyrosequencing was provided by the International Census of Marine Microbes (ICoMM) with financial support from a W. M. Keck foundation award to the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole.
研究區域描述 Seawater (1.6 - 0.2 micron fraction) sampled off of Anvers Island, Antarctic Peninsula.
研究設計描述 Samples were collected from surface waters on 12 occasions over the annual cycle in 2002 and in late February in 2006. The samples from 2002 were all analyzed by PCR-DGGE (Murray and Grzymski, 2007) and 3 samples were selected for Roche 454 tag sequencing targeting bacteria. In addition, the sample from 20 August 2002 was selected for (i) 16S rRNA gene clone library sequencing for bacteria and archaea; and (ii) for metagenome sequencing in which a large insert (40 kb) library was prepared and end sequences were determined for ~ 20K clones. Selected clones (~ 96) were then fully sequenced. In 2006 samples were collected at the end of February, in which we selected a sample from 28 February 2006 for 16S rRNA gene clone library sequencing for bacteria and archaea; in addition a metagenome sequencing effort was conducted in which a large insert (40 kb) library was prepared and end sequences were determined for ~ 20K clones. Selected clones (~ 96) were then fully sequenced.

參與計畫的人員:

Alison Murray
研究主持人

取樣方法

Seawater was collected by submersible pump and filtered at the Station, see Grzymski et al. 2012 for details.

研究範圍 See Geographic coverage
品質控管 Sanger sequence data was automatically assembled and chimera checked; metagenome sequence data was automatically annotated at the Joint Genome Institute (see Grzymski et al. 2012).

方法步驟描述:

  1. A MICROBIAL_SEQUENCE_SET Description file describing 9 data sets was uploaded to the IPT. 9 MIMARKS data files were uploaded to the IPT.

引用文獻

  1. Grzymski, JJ, CS Riesenfeld , TJ Williams, AM Dussaq, H Ducklow, M Erickson, R Cavicchioli, & AE Murray. 2012. A metagenomic assessment of winter and summer bacterioplankton from Antarctic Peninsula coastal surface waters. ISME Journal. DOI:10.1038/ismej.2012.31
  2. Ghiglione, JF, and AE Murray. 2012. Pronounced summer to winter differences and higher wintertime richness in coastal Antarctic marine bacterioplankton. Environ. Microbiol. 14(3): 617-629. DOI:10.1111/j.1462-2920.2011.02601.x
  3. Williams, TJ, E Long, F Evans, MZ DeMaere, FM Lauro, MJ Raftery, H Ducklow, JJ Grzymski, AE Murray, R Cavicchioli. 2012. A metaproteomic assessment of summer and winter bacterioplankton from Antarctic Peninsula coastal surface waters. ISME Journal 6:1883-1900. doi: 10.1038/ismej.2012.28