SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - Tintinnid Ciliates of the Southern Ocean - Data

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18 February 2020
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Literature review Dataset supplied in the framework of the Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean (BASO). The Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean is assembles a selection of representative maps and syntheses on the distribution of the Southern Ocean organisms, to provide a general overview of the biogeography of the Southern Ocean (s.l.) and a benchmark of current biogeographic knowledge at the end of the Census of Antarctic Marine Life (CAML). This will update the well-known and useful but largely outdated Hedgpeth 1969’s Folio on “Distribution of selected groups of marine invertebrates in waters south of 35°S latitude” in the Antarctic Map Folio Series (American Geographical Society). Species records of tintinnids from the Southern Ocean (locations below 40°S) reported in 56 publications published between 1800 and 2013 were compiled yielding about 2,000 species records (synonyms included) from about 400 locations. The 192 species reported can be parsed into two main groups: 32 endemic Southern Ocean species, known only from 40°S and further south, and a second group of 181 widespread species, forms with extensive geographic ranges extending into the Southern Ocean.

Data Records

The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 2,103 records.

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How to cite

Researchers should cite this work as follows:

Dolan J R, Pierce R W (2020): SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean - Tintinnid Ciliates of the Southern Ocean - Data. v2.6. SCAR - AntOBIS. Dataset/Occurrence.


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Occurrence; Tintinnida; SCAR-MarBIN; BASO; cilliate; zoooplankton


John R. Dolan
  • Content Provider
Senior Research Scientist
Université Pierre et Marie Curie and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, Marine Microbial Ecology, Station Zoologique, 181 Chemin du Lazaret
06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer
Richard W. Pierce
  • Content Provider
  • Originator
North Attleboro
John R. Dolan
  • Content Provider
Research Director
Université Pierre et Marie Curie and Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
Laboratoire d’Océanographie de Villefranche, Marine Microbial Ecology, Station Zoologique, 181 Chemin du Lazaret
06230 Villefranche-sur-Mer
Anton Van de Putte
  • Publisher
Science Officer
Royal Belgian Institute for Natural Sceinces
Rue Vautierstraat 29
1000 Brussels

Geographic Coverage

Southern Ocean and sub-Antarctic region

Bounding Coordinates South West [-78, -180], North East [-40, 180]

Taxonomic Coverage

No Description available

Order Choreotrichida
Family Ascampbelliellidae, Codonellidae, Codonellopsidae, Cyttarocylididae, Dictyocystidae, Epiplocylididae, Metacylididae, Petalotrichidae, Ptychocylididae, Rhabdonellidae, Tintinnidae, Tintinnidiidae, Undellidae, Xystonellidae

Temporal Coverage

Start Date / End Date 1900-01-01 / 2013-12-31

Project Data

The “Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean” is a legacy of the International Polar Year 2007-2009 ( and of the Census of Marine Life 2000-2010 (, contributed by the Census of Antarctic Marine Life ( and the SCAR Marine Biodiversity Information Network (; The “Biogeographic Atlas” is a contribution to the SCAR programmes Ant-ECO (State of the Antarctic Ecosystem) and AnT-ERA (Antarctic Thresholds- Ecosystem Resilience and Adaptation) ( The Census of Marine Life, was an ambitious ten-year long international project that was to examine the world’s oceans and log the occurrence and demise of marine species. Its principal objective was to assess the state of marine biodiversity at the start of the 21st century to enable predictions to be made about what species might inhabit oceans in the future. By supporting scientific coordination, rather than putting ships in the water, the Foundation leveraged over USD 650 million in total outlays. The Census ran until a final meeting in October 2010 in the Royal Society in London at which outcomes from the six ocean realms under study were presented. In total, some 2700 scientists from 80 nations partici- pated in the Census, undertaking 540 research expeditions and producing over 2600 publications. The ocean realm “Ice Ocean; Arctic and Antarctic” was the responsibility of two projects – Arctic Ocean Diversity (ArcOD) for the north of the globe, and the Census of Antarctic Marine Life (CAML) for the south. Both projects worked closely together and engaged in a number of joint initiatives. CAML started its activities mid-way through the Census, in 2005, following a deci- sion to hold a third International Polar Year (IPY) in 2007–2009. The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) accepted a proposal from its Life Sciences committee that CAML should go ahead as one of fifteen biological projects to be undertaken in Antarctica during the IPY; in the event CAML turned out to be the largest of them. A key element in CAML’s success as a project was its close association with SCAR’s Marine Biodiversity Information Network (SCAR-MarBIN, www., a data portal initiated by the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences in Brussels, implemented by the Belgian Biodiversity Platform and supported financially by the Belgian Science Policy Office. It was accepted by SCAR as the main repository for marine biodiversity data in 2005. SCAR- MarBIN became CAML’s database

Title SCAR Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean
Funding Published by: The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research, Scott Polar Research Institute, Lensfield Road, Cambridge, CB2 1ER, United Kingdom ( Publication funded by: - The Census of Antarctic Marine Life (Albert P. Sloan Foundation, New York) - The TOTAL Foundation, Paris. The “Biogeographic Atlas of the Southern Ocean” shared the Cosmos Prize awarded to the Census of Marine Life by the International Osaka Expo’90 Commemorative Foundation, Tokyo, Japan. Publication supported by: - The Belgian Science Policy (Belspo), through the Belgian Scientific Research Programme on the Antarctic and the “” network (SCAR-MarBIN/ANTABIF) - The Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences (RBINS), Brussels, Belgium - The British Antarctic Survey (BAS), Cambridge, United Kingdom - The Université Pierre et Marie Curie (UPMC), Paris, France - The Australian Antarctic Division, Hobart, Australia - The Scientific Steering Committee of CAML, Michael Stoddart (CAML Administrator) and Victoria Wadley (CAML Project Manager)

The personnel involved in the project:

Anton P. Van de Putte

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Additional Metadata

marine, harvested by iOBIS