Improving Species-Based Area Protection in Antarctica - data is an occurrence type dataset published by Phillips, L. M., Leihy, R. I, & S. L. Chown in Conservation Biology: https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13885
This dataset contains records of type localities for terrestrial and lacustrine animals, lichens, bryophytes and vascular plants based on a literature review and primary scientific sources for species occurring south of 60°S from 1753 to July, 2021. The data is published as a standardized Darwin Core Archive and includes taxon information, and occurrence information for type localities.
Location for species with type localities occurring south of 60°S is generalized to specific categories including: ≤25km2, ≤100km2, ≤500km2, ≤1000km2 and >1000km2.
This dataset is published under the license CC-BY-NC 4.0. Please follow the guidelines from the SCAR Data Policy when using the data. If you have any questions regarding this dataset, please contact us via the contact information provided in the metadata or via firstname.lastname@example.org. Issues with dataset can be reported at https://github.com/biodiversity-aq/data-publication/
This dataset is funded by Australian Antarctic Science Grant #4482 and ARC SRIEAS Grant SR200100005 Securing Antarctica’s Environmental Future.
The data in this occurrence resource has been published as a Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), which is a standardized format for sharing biodiversity data as a set of one or more data tables. The core data table contains 1,176 records.
This IPT archives the data and thus serves as the data repository. The data and resource metadata are available for download in the downloads section. The versions table lists other versions of the resource that have been made publicly available and allows tracking changes made to the resource over time.
The table below shows only published versions of the resource that are publicly accessible.
How to cite
Researchers should cite this work as follows:
Phillips L, Leihy R, Chown S (2023). Improving Species-Based Area Protection in Antarctica - data. Version 1.6. Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF). Occurrence dataset. https://ipt.biodiversity.aq/resource?r=species-based-area-protection-in-antarctica&v=1.6
Researchers should respect the following rights statement:
The publisher and rights holder of this work is Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF). This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial (CC-BY-NC 4.0) License.
This resource has been registered with GBIF, and assigned the following GBIF UUID: d61860b3-22fd-4c8f-a089-97a2d6893f8b. Antarctic Biodiversity Information Facility (ANTABIF) publishes this resource, and is itself registered in GBIF as a data publisher endorsed by Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research.
Occurrence; Observation; BIODIVERSITY; EVIDENCE-BASED DECISION-MAKING; NOMENCLATURE; SYSTEMATIC CONSERVATION PLANNING; TYPE LOCALITIES
- Metadata Provider ●
- Metadata Provider ●
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [-90, -180], North East [-60, 180]|
Terrestrial and lacustrine animals, lichens, bryophytes and vascular plants
|Kingdom||Animalia, Fungi, Plantae|
|Phylum||Annelida, Arthropoda, Ascomycota, Bryophyta, Chordata, Marchantiophyta, Nematoda, Rotifera, Tardigrada, Tracheophyta|
|Start Date / End Date||1753-01-01 / 2021-07-31|
Annex V in the Antarctic Treaty Protocol specifies that parties should identify, within a systematic environmental-geographical framework, and include in a series of Antarctic Specially Protected Areas (ASPAs), areas representing one or more of nine different values or criteria. One of these values is the “type locality or only known habitat of any species”. A comprehensive list of type localities for terrestrial and lacustrine animals, lichens, bryophytes and vascular plants occurring south of 60°S was compiled to assess the extent to which the current ASPA network included known type localities and what number and location of candidate protected areas might be required to include type localities not currently covered by the ASPA network.
|Title||Improving Species-Based Area Protection in Antarctica|
|Identifier||Australian Antarctic Science Grant #4482; ARC SRIEAS Grant SR200100005 Securing Antarctica’s Environmental Future|
|Funding||This project is funded by Australian Antarctic Science Grant 4482 and ARC SRIEAS Grant SR200100005 Securing Antarctica’s Environmental Future.|
The personnel involved in the project:
A comprehensive list of terrestrial and lacustrine multicellular groups that occur across the Antarctic continent and its offshore islands (south of 60°S) was compiled from primary scientific sources (Appendix S1) and a literature review. For the literature review, Web of Science was searched with Boolean strings. For example, for mites the string was (Antarctic* OR Antarctiq* OR Antartid*) AND (Acari* OR mite*) (see Appendix S1 in original paper for a full list of search terms). Titles and abstracts were screened for geographical and taxonomic information. Relevant references were those that included one or more species that occurred south of 60°S and were classified as a terrestrial or lacustrine animal, lichen, bryophyte, or vascular plant. We extracted taxonomic information (genus and species names) from relevant references to compile the species list. We back searched via Google Scholar for resources that cited any of the primary scientific sources (listed in Appendix S1 in original paper) to ensure newly described species or additions to checklists were captured. Type localities were then recorded for each species from large reviews where possible or from the original species descriptions. For some species, multiple localities were listed in the species description without an indication of which site was the type locality. In these cases, all localities south of 60°S were included in the Antarctic type localities data set (in total, 49 localities for 15 species with multiple localities). We classified type localities as unknown if 1) it was not possible to discern if the locality was north or south of 60°S (e.g., “latitudes 36°–61°” for the Antarctic petrel [Thalassoica antarctica] [Gmelin, 1789]), 2) no type locality was described for the species or 3) the type reference could not be accessed. For Antarctic species with type localities north of 60°S, we recorded locality data as given in the original source. For localities south of 60°S, additional steps were taken to sort records by the accuracy of their type locality descriptions. For localities provided with geographic coordinates to minutes or seconds, coordinates were checked by L.M.P. and R.I.L. and corrected if necessary (e.g., where east and west coordinates were incorrectly reversed in the original article). For type localities described by a place name, coordinates for these locations were extracted from the SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica (SCAR, 1992, updated 2014). Where coordinates from the SCAR Gazetteer were in the ocean, they were moved to the closest point on land for mainland localities or the midpoint of the island for island localities. The accuracy of place name records, however, varies widely (e.g., “Field Rock, MacRobertson Land,” which is <0.1 km2 vs. “Adélie Land,” which covers a >400,000 km2 area). We categorized place name records into high resolution (≤25 km2) or coarse-resolution (≤100km2, ≤500km2, ≤1000km2 and >1000km2) groups based on their descriptions in the SCAR Gazetteer to infer the specificity of these records.
|Study Extent||This dataset describes the type localities of terrestrial and lacustrine animals, lichens, bryophytes and vascular plants occurring south of 60°S between 1753 and July, 2021.|
|Quality Control||All records were validated. Coordinates were verified to be in decimal latitude and decimal longitude and plotted on map to verify the actual geographical location corresponds to its locality. All scientific names were checked for typo and matched to the species information backbone of Worlds Register of Marine Species (http://marinespecies.org/) and LSID were assigned to each taxon as scientificNameID. Event date and time were converted into ISO 8601 whenever possible.|
Method step description:
- Search primary scientific sources for species occurring south of 60°S
- Literature search via Web of Science for each taxonomic group
- Back search via Google Scholar for resources that cited any of the primary scientific sources
- Extract taxonomic information for species occurring south of 60°S
- Find and record type localities for species occurring south of 60°S
- Record geographic coordinates for type localities
- For type localities south of 60°S, sort into categories by specificity of records based on their descriptions in the SCAR Gazetteer
- Phillips, L. M., Leihy, R. I., & Chown, S. L. (2022). Improving species-based area protection in Antarctica. Conservation Biology, 36, e13885. https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.13885
- The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research. (2023). SCAR Report 42 - September 2022 - SCAR Data Policy (2022). Zenodo. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.7825314