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Tytgat B, Vrleyen E, Obbels D, Peeters K, De Wever A, D'hondt S, De Meyer T, van Criekinge W, Vyverman W, Willems A (2018): Bacterial Diversity Assessment in Antarctic Terrestrial and Aquatic Microbial Mats. v1.1. SCAR - Microbial Antarctic Resource System. Dataset/Metadata. https://ipt.biodiversity.aq/resource?r=bacterial_diversity_antarctica_microbial_mats&v=1.1
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lake; soil; bacteria; antarctica; 16S
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soil samples and lake samples from East Antarctica
|Bounding Coordinates||South West [-80.45, -67.45], North East [-67.7, 39.8]|
Bacterial 16S amplicons (V1-V3 region)
|Start Date / End Date||2003-01-01 / 2007-01-01|
CCAMBIO (Climate Change and Antarctic Microbial Biodiversity) is an academic project funded by the Belgian Federal Science Policy (BELSPO). Its main objective is to study the diversity, biogeographic zoning and genomic make-up of lacustrine microbial mat communities in the Antarctic Realm. CCAMBIO is composed by researchers from four Belgian Universities and Institutes (University of Liège, Ghent University, National Botanical Garden of Belgium and Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences), as well as collaborators from the British Antarctic Survey.
|Funding||Belgian Science Policy Office (BelSPO) project SD/BA/03|
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Two terrestrial and seven limnetic microbial mat samples were collected aseptically during different field campaigns in December/January 2003 (PQ1, TM2 and TM4) and in January 2007 (BB50, BB115, LA3, SK5, WO10 and SO6). All samples were kept frozen during transport and stored at 220uC.
|Study Extent||One sample (PQ1) was collected on Pourquoi-Pas Island off the west coast of Graham Land (Antarctic Peninsula). All other samples were collected from Eastern Antarctic habitats. The two terrestrial microbial mat samples (BB50 and BB115) were taken near the Utsteinen nunatak in the Sør Rondane Mountains (Dronning Maud Land). Three samples were from Lu ̈tzow-Holm Bay (Dronning Maud Land), namely from a small saline lake in Langhovde (LA3), from Naka-Tempyo Lake (SK5) in Skarvsnes, and from a small saline pond (WO10) in West Ongul Island. One sample (SO6) was taken from Lake Melkoye (unofficial name) in Schirmacher Oasis (Dronning Maud Land). The two remaining samples were collected in the Transantarctic Mountains. Sample TM2 was taken from Forlidas Pond (Dufek Massif, Pensacola Mountains), while sample TM4 was taken from Lundstro ̈m Lake (Shackleton Range).|
Method step description:
- DNA was extracted from frozen samples using 5 g per sample. Extracellular DNA was first removed as described by Corinaldesi et al. and DNA extraction was subsequently performed according to Zwart et al. Sequencing of the 16S rRNA V1–V3 regions was performed using forward primer pA (AGAGTTTGATCCTGGCTCAG 8–27) and reverse primer BKL1 (GTATTACCGCGGCTGCTGGCA 536– 516). Because it proved impossible to concatenate the comple- mentary reads due to insufficient overlap, the forward and reverse sequences were analyzed separately. The forward reads hence cover the complete V1 and V2 regions, whereas the reverse reads cover the V3 and part of the V2 region for the longest sequences.
- Multiplexing was done with barcodes proposed by Parames- waran et al. Each PCR mixture contained 1–2 ml of template DNA, 2 ml of fusion primers and barcodes (10 mM), 2.5 ml dNTPs (10 mM), 1.5 ml of 10x buffer, 0.25 ml of 5 U/ml FastStart High Fidelity Polymerase (Roche) and was adjusted to a final volume of 25 ml with sterile HPLC-water. PCR cycling included 3 min at 94uC, followed by 35 cycles of 94uC for 30 s, 55uC for 60 s and 72uC for 90 s and finally 8 min at 72uC. PCR products were purified using a High Pure PCR Product Purification Kit (Roche).
- Pyrosequencing was performed on a Roche 454 GS FLX Titanium machine at NXTGNT (Ghent, Belgium) after quality control of the DNA with a Qubit 2.0 Fluorometer (Life Technologies) and a Bioanalyzer (Agilent Technologies).
- Tytgat, B., Verleyen, E., Obbels, D., Peeters, K., De Wever, A., D’hondt, S., ... & Willems, A. (2014). Bacterial diversity assessment in Antarctic terrestrial and aquatic microbial mats: a comparison between bidirectional pyrosequencing and cultivation. PloS one, 9(6), e97564.